“Computing Machinery and Intelligence”, by
We may hope that machines will eventually compete with men in all purely intellectual fields.
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Alan Turing, the father of computer science, was interested in an intriguing question: Would it be possible for a machine to think like a human? Approaching this question with his usual mathematical rigour, Turing suggested a simple test using a party game called “The Imitation Game”. Today that test is known as the “Turing Test”.
Reading Turing’s paper today, one might find his patient descriptions of computing and programming – and his credulous and earnest consideration of extrasensory perception – amusingly quaint, and his confident assertions that the problem would be solved within 50 years (by the year 2000) were a little naïve.
But his test remains one of the most well-known challenges in artificial intelligence, and his closing words still ring true:
We can only see a short distance ahead, but we can see plenty there that needs to be done.